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dir.h

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1989, 1993
 *    The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 * (c) UNIX System Laboratories, Inc.
 * All or some portions of this file are derived from material licensed
 * to the University of California by American Telephone and Telegraph
 * Co. or Unix System Laboratories, Inc. and are reproduced herein with
 * the permission of UNIX System Laboratories, Inc.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 *    @(#)dir.h   8.2 (Berkeley) 1/21/94
 * $FreeBSD: src/sys/ufs/ufs/dir.h,v 1.12 2007/07/02 01:31:43 peter Exp $
 */

#ifndef _UFS_UFS_DIR_H_
#define     _UFS_UFS_DIR_H_

/*
 * Theoretically, directories can be more than 2Gb in length, however, in
 * practice this seems unlikely. So, we define the type doff_t as a 32-bit
 * quantity to keep down the cost of doing lookup on a 32-bit machine.
 */
#define     doff_t            int32_t
#define MAXDIRSIZE      (0x7fffffff)

/*
 * A directory consists of some number of blocks of DIRBLKSIZ
 * bytes, where DIRBLKSIZ is chosen such that it can be transferred
 * to disk in a single atomic operation (e.g. 512 bytes on most machines).
 *
 * Each DIRBLKSIZ byte block contains some number of directory entry
 * structures, which are of variable length.  Each directory entry has
 * a struct direct at the front of it, containing its inode number,
 * the length of the entry, and the length of the name contained in
 * the entry.  These are followed by the name padded to a 4 byte boundary
 * with null bytes.  All names are guaranteed null terminated.
 * The maximum length of a name in a directory is MAXNAMLEN.
 *
 * The macro DIRSIZ(fmt, dp) gives the amount of space required to represent
 * a directory entry.  Free space in a directory is represented by
 * entries which have dp->d_reclen > DIRSIZ(fmt, dp).  All DIRBLKSIZ bytes
 * in a directory block are claimed by the directory entries.  This
 * usually results in the last entry in a directory having a large
 * dp->d_reclen.  When entries are deleted from a directory, the
 * space is returned to the previous entry in the same directory
 * block by increasing its dp->d_reclen.  If the first entry of
 * a directory block is free, then its dp->d_ino is set to 0.
 * Entries other than the first in a directory do not normally have
 * dp->d_ino set to 0.
 */
#define DIRBLKSIZ DEV_BSIZE
#define     MAXNAMLEN   255

struct      direct {
      u_int32_t d_ino;        /* inode number of entry */
      u_int16_t d_reclen;           /* length of this record */
      u_int8_t  d_type;             /* file type, see below */
      u_int8_t  d_namlen;           /* length of string in d_name */
      char    d_name[MAXNAMLEN + 1];/* name with length <= MAXNAMLEN */
};

/*
 * File types
 */
#define     DT_UNKNOWN   0
#define     DT_FIFO            1
#define     DT_CHR             2
#define     DT_DIR             4
#define     DT_BLK             6
#define     DT_REG             8
#define     DT_LNK            10
#define     DT_SOCK           12
#define     DT_WHT            14

/*
 * Convert between stat structure types and directory types.
 */
#define     IFTODT(mode)      (((mode) & 0170000) >> 12)
#define     DTTOIF(dirtype)   ((dirtype) << 12)

/*
 * The DIRSIZ macro gives the minimum record length which will hold
 * the directory entry.  This requires the amount of space in struct direct
 * without the d_name field, plus enough space for the name with a terminating
 * null byte (dp->d_namlen+1), rounded up to a 4 byte boundary.
 *
 * 
 */
#define     DIRECTSIZ(namlen)                               \
      (((uintptr_t)&((struct direct *)0)->d_name +                \
        ((namlen)+1)*sizeof(((struct direct *)0)->d_name[0]) + 3) & ~3)
#if (BYTE_ORDER == LITTLE_ENDIAN)
#define DIRSIZ(oldfmt, dp) \
    ((oldfmt) ? DIRECTSIZ((dp)->d_type) : DIRECTSIZ((dp)->d_namlen))
#else
#define DIRSIZ(oldfmt, dp) \
    DIRECTSIZ((dp)->d_namlen)
#endif
#define OLDDIRFMT 1
#define NEWDIRFMT 0

/*
 * Template for manipulating directories.  Should use struct direct's,
 * but the name field is MAXNAMLEN - 1, and this just won't do.
 */
struct dirtemplate {
      u_int32_t   dot_ino;
      int16_t           dot_reclen;
      u_int8_t    dot_type;
      u_int8_t    dot_namlen;
      char        dot_name[4];      /* must be multiple of 4 */
      u_int32_t   dotdot_ino;
      int16_t           dotdot_reclen;
      u_int8_t    dotdot_type;
      u_int8_t    dotdot_namlen;
      char        dotdot_name[4];   /* ditto */
};

/*
 * This is the old format of directories, sanz type element.
 */
struct odirtemplate {
      u_int32_t   dot_ino;
      int16_t           dot_reclen;
      u_int16_t   dot_namlen;
      char        dot_name[4];      /* must be multiple of 4 */
      u_int32_t   dotdot_ino;
      int16_t           dotdot_reclen;
      u_int16_t   dotdot_namlen;
      char        dotdot_name[4];   /* ditto */
};
#endif /* !_DIR_H_ */

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