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fsdbutil.c

/*    $NetBSD: fsdbutil.c,v 1.2 1995/10/08 23:18:12 thorpej Exp $ */

/*
 *  Copyright (c) 1995 John T. Kohl
 *  All rights reserved.
 * 
 *  Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 *  modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 *  are met:
 *  1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *  2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *     documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *  3. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
 *     derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR `AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
 * WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
 * DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
 * INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
 * (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
 * SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN
 * ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef lint
static const char rcsid[] =
  "$FreeBSD: src/sbin/fsdb/fsdbutil.c,v 1.20 2006/08/23 22:44:00 ceri Exp $";
#endif /* not lint */

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <err.h>
#include <grp.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <timeconv.h>

#include <ufs/ufs/dinode.h>
#include <ufs/ffs/fs.h>

#include <sys/ioctl.h>

#include "fsdb.h"
#include "fsck.h"

static int charsperline(void);
static int printindir(ufs2_daddr_t blk, int level, char *bufp);
static void printblocks(ino_t inum, union dinode *dp);

char **
crack(char *line, int *argc)
{
    static char *argv[8];
    int i;
    char *p, *val;
    for (p = line, i = 0; p != NULL && i < 8; i++) {
      while ((val = strsep(&p, " \t\n")) != NULL && *val == '\0')
          /**/;
      if (val)
          argv[i] = val;
      else
          break;
    }
    *argc = i;
    return argv;
}

char **
recrack(char *line, int *argc, int argc_max)
{
    static char *argv[8];
    int i;
    char *p, *val;
    for (p = line, i = 0; p != NULL && i < 8 && i < argc_max - 1; i++) {
      while ((val = strsep(&p, " \t\n")) != NULL && *val == '\0')
          /**/;
      if (val)
          argv[i] = val;
      else
          break;
    }
    argv[i] = argv[i - 1] + strlen(argv[i - 1]) + 1;
    argv[i][strcspn(argv[i], "\n")] = '\0';
    *argc = i + 1;
    return argv;
}

int
argcount(struct cmdtable *cmdp, int argc, char *argv[])
{
    if (cmdp->minargc == cmdp->maxargc)
      warnx("command `%s' takes %u arguments, got %u", cmdp->cmd,
          cmdp->minargc-1, argc-1);
    else
      warnx("command `%s' takes from %u to %u arguments",
            cmdp->cmd, cmdp->minargc-1, cmdp->maxargc-1);
          
    warnx("usage: %s: %s", cmdp->cmd, cmdp->helptxt);
    return 1;
}

void
printstat(const char *cp, ino_t inum, union dinode *dp)
{
    struct group *grp;
    struct passwd *pw;
    ufs2_daddr_t blocks;
    int64_t gen;
    char *p;
    time_t t;

    printf("%s: ", cp);
    switch (DIP(dp, di_mode) & IFMT) {
    case IFDIR:
      puts("directory");
      break;
    case IFREG:
      puts("regular file");
      break;
    case IFBLK:
      printf("block special (%d,%d)",
             major(DIP(dp, di_rdev)), minor(DIP(dp, di_rdev)));
      break;
    case IFCHR:
      printf("character special (%d,%d)",
             major(DIP(dp, di_rdev)), minor(DIP(dp, di_rdev)));
      break;
    case IFLNK:
      fputs("symlink",stdout);
      if (DIP(dp, di_size) > 0 &&
          DIP(dp, di_size) < sblock.fs_maxsymlinklen &&
          DIP(dp, di_blocks) == 0) {
          if (sblock.fs_magic == FS_UFS1_MAGIC)
            p = (caddr_t)dp->dp1.di_db;
          else
            p = (caddr_t)dp->dp2.di_db;
          printf(" to `%.*s'\n", (int) DIP(dp, di_size), p);
      } else {
          putchar('\n');
      }
      break;
    case IFSOCK:
      puts("socket");
      break;
    case IFIFO:
      puts("fifo");
      break;
    }
    printf("I=%lu MODE=%o SIZE=%ju", (u_long)inum, DIP(dp, di_mode),
      (uintmax_t)DIP(dp, di_size));
    if (sblock.fs_magic != FS_UFS1_MAGIC) {
      t = _time64_to_time(dp->dp2.di_birthtime);
      p = ctime(&t);
      printf("\n\tBTIME=%15.15s %4.4s [%d nsec]", &p[4], &p[20],
         dp->dp2.di_birthnsec);
    }
    if (sblock.fs_magic == FS_UFS1_MAGIC)
      t = _time32_to_time(dp->dp1.di_mtime);
    else
      t = _time64_to_time(dp->dp2.di_mtime);
    p = ctime(&t);
    printf("\n\tMTIME=%15.15s %4.4s [%d nsec]", &p[4], &p[20],
         DIP(dp, di_mtimensec));
    if (sblock.fs_magic == FS_UFS1_MAGIC)
      t = _time32_to_time(dp->dp1.di_ctime);
    else
      t = _time64_to_time(dp->dp2.di_ctime);
    p = ctime(&t);
    printf("\n\tCTIME=%15.15s %4.4s [%d nsec]", &p[4], &p[20],
         DIP(dp, di_ctimensec));
    if (sblock.fs_magic == FS_UFS1_MAGIC)
      t = _time32_to_time(dp->dp1.di_atime);
    else
      t = _time64_to_time(dp->dp2.di_atime);
    p = ctime(&t);
    printf("\n\tATIME=%15.15s %4.4s [%d nsec]\n", &p[4], &p[20],
         DIP(dp, di_atimensec));

    if ((pw = getpwuid(DIP(dp, di_uid))))
      printf("OWNER=%s ", pw->pw_name);
    else
      printf("OWNUID=%u ", DIP(dp, di_uid));
    if ((grp = getgrgid(DIP(dp, di_gid))))
      printf("GRP=%s ", grp->gr_name);
    else
      printf("GID=%u ", DIP(dp, di_gid));

    blocks = DIP(dp, di_blocks);
    gen = DIP(dp, di_gen);
    printf("LINKCNT=%hd FLAGS=%#x BLKCNT=%jx GEN=%jx\n", DIP(dp, di_nlink),
      DIP(dp, di_flags), (intmax_t)blocks, (intmax_t)gen);
}


/*
 * Determine the number of characters in a
 * single line.
 */

static int
charsperline(void)
{
      int columns;
      char *cp;
      struct winsize ws;

      columns = 0;
      if (ioctl(0, TIOCGWINSZ, &ws) != -1)
            columns = ws.ws_col;
      if (columns == 0 && (cp = getenv("COLUMNS")))
            columns = atoi(cp);
      if (columns == 0)
            columns = 80;     /* last resort */
      return (columns);
}


/*
 * Recursively print a list of indirect blocks.
 */
static int
printindir(ufs2_daddr_t blk, int level, char *bufp)
{
    struct bufarea buf, *bp;
    char tempbuf[32];         /* enough to print an ufs2_daddr_t */
    int i, j, cpl, charssofar;
    ufs2_daddr_t blkno;

    if (level == 0) {
      /* for the final indirect level, don't use the cache */
      bp = &buf;
      bp->b_un.b_buf = bufp;
      bp->b_prev = bp->b_next = bp;
      initbarea(bp);

      getblk(bp, blk, sblock.fs_bsize);
    } else
      bp = getdatablk(blk, sblock.fs_bsize);

    cpl = charsperline();
    for (i = charssofar = 0; i < NINDIR(&sblock); i++) {
      if (sblock.fs_magic == FS_UFS1_MAGIC)
            blkno = bp->b_un.b_indir1[i];
      else
            blkno = bp->b_un.b_indir2[i];
      if (blkno == 0) {
          if (level == 0)
            putchar('\n');
          return 0;
      }
      j = sprintf(tempbuf, "%jd", (intmax_t)blkno);
      if (level == 0) {
          charssofar += j;
          if (charssofar >= cpl - 2) {
            putchar('\n');
            charssofar = j;
          }
      }
      fputs(tempbuf, stdout);
      if (level == 0) {
          printf(", ");
          charssofar += 2;
      } else {
          printf(" =>\n");
          if (printindir(blkno, level - 1, bufp) == 0)
            return 0;
      }
    }
    if (level == 0)
      putchar('\n');
    return 1;
}


/*
 * Print the block pointers for one inode.
 */
static void
printblocks(ino_t inum, union dinode *dp)
{
    char *bufp;
    int i, nfrags;
    long ndb, offset;
    ufs2_daddr_t blkno;

    printf("Blocks for inode %d:\n", inum);
    printf("Direct blocks:\n");
    ndb = howmany(DIP(dp, di_size), sblock.fs_bsize);
    for (i = 0; i < NDADDR; i++) {
      if (DIP(dp, di_db[i]) == 0) {
          putchar('\n');
          return;
      }
      if (i > 0)
          printf(", ");
      blkno = DIP(dp, di_db[i]);
      printf("%jd", (intmax_t)blkno);
      if (--ndb == 0 && (offset = blkoff(&sblock, DIP(dp, di_size))) != 0) {
          nfrags = numfrags(&sblock, fragroundup(&sblock, offset));
          printf(" (%d frag%s)", nfrags, nfrags > 1? "s": "");
      }
    }
    putchar('\n');
    if (DIP(dp, di_ib[0]) == 0)
      return;

    bufp = malloc((unsigned int)sblock.fs_bsize);
    if (bufp == 0)
      errx(EEXIT, "cannot allocate indirect block buffer");
    printf("Indirect blocks:\n");
    for (i = 0; i < NIADDR; i++)
      if (printindir(DIP(dp, di_ib[i]), i, bufp) == 0)
          break;
    free(bufp);
}


int
checkactive(void)
{
    if (!curinode) {
      warnx("no current inode\n");
      return 0;
    }
    return 1;
}

int
checkactivedir(void)
{
    if (!curinode) {
      warnx("no current inode\n");
      return 0;
    }
    if ((DIP(curinode, di_mode) & IFMT) != IFDIR) {
      warnx("inode %d not a directory", curinum);
      return 0;
    }
    return 1;
}

int
printactive(int doblocks)
{
    if (!checkactive())
      return 1;
    switch (DIP(curinode, di_mode) & IFMT) {
    case IFDIR:
    case IFREG:
    case IFBLK:
    case IFCHR:
    case IFLNK:
    case IFSOCK:
    case IFIFO:
      if (doblocks)
          printblocks(curinum, curinode);
      else
          printstat("current inode", curinum, curinode);
      break;
    case 0:
      printf("current inode %d: unallocated inode\n", curinum);
      break;
    default:
      printf("current inode %d: screwy itype 0%o (mode 0%o)?\n",
             curinum, DIP(curinode, di_mode) & IFMT, DIP(curinode, di_mode));
      break;
    }
    return 0;
}

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